Before starting I recommend you to read these two awesome books which help me to shape my thoughts:
How, Why and When We Collaborate? We are not just living as the other millions of species. We are also controlling the environment, other species and even other people around us. What is the difference between us and other 8 million species? How can they not conquer the world and we can?
To start with we are the only kind that could swim, walk and technically fly. Our body may have many different capabilities. That might make us top of the any food chain. However, it is the fact that we are not the fastest or strongest one. Therefore, there must be another difference. I believe that this difference is our mind enabled us to collaborate and behave as a whole.
We might survive without collaboration but we could not become the most powerful kind in the world. We collaborate because we want to be better, feel more safe and comfortable. For example, we can sleep with ease only because we believe others for protecting us. People are doing things that they do not like only because they believe that they will take wage. In other words, we can make a collaboration because they trust each other. We collaborate because we want to be better, feel more safe and comfortable. But how we trust the people we do not anything about them?
At first human kind learnt gossip, a reliable information about who could be trusted. They started trust strangers by the information from a trusted source who knows him or her. Nevertheless, since it impossible gossip about everyone on the planet, it was not enough to make the civilization that we live now. A revolution that helped us to create this civilization occurred. We gained the ability of collaborate with immense number of people, fiction. After that strangers maybe never seen each other started to cooperate by believing common myths that do not really exists such as nation, religion and laws. We improved our selves more than any other species and become strongest one with ability of collaboration. And every movement that breaks that collaboration caused to drop back like wars.
And lastly, I believe that we made biggest collaboration in science. Because we experienced that we can improve our intellectual property faster with collaboration. As my father said to me once “The science has no religion and no nation, it belongs to all humanity.”